Annually, very nearly 45 million young chickens that are male killed in Germany. Their eggs are unsuitable for the market. New procedures for sex recognition should make sure that they’re not also bred. David Tedevosian/ Shutterstock
In an interview with EURACTIV Germany, Dr Ludger Breloh, the handling director associated with the egg breeding company Seleggt Gmbh, talked about Germany’s present decision to permit the mass killings of young male chickens and exactly how his company’s Seleggt process might be utilized as being a bridging technology until more commercially viable practices are located.
Dr Ludger Breloh, an agricultural economist, is the managing director of Seleggt GmbH, a part regarding the Rewe Group. Seleggt GmbH, in cooperation because of the University of Leipzig, is promoting initial functional means for very very early gender recognition in hen eggs.
The sex of a young chicken can be determined in the egg with the Seleggt method. How exactly does this work?
Our technique is most beneficial referred to as a hormonal, meaning a method that is hormone-based. We know already that gender-specific hormones, such as for instance oestrone sulphate, seem to be contained in the non-incubated egg as they are just created within the egg that is female.
To achieve this, you have to wait about nine days before the hormones are located in the egg in sufficient quantity. Then we extract a little fall of fluid through the egg, which we mix with a biochemical marker.
This then suggests, with a color change, if the oestrone sulphate is current. Feminine eggs are then returned towards the incubator and hatched, while male eggs are prepared into animal feed.
Thus far, but, gender determination will not be considered prepared for serial manufacturing, and just a supermarkets that are few these eggs. Exactly why is that?
Within the last 2 yrs, we now have made progress that is incredible refining our technology. We could now analyse around 3,000 eggs each hour, per device.
But, the procedure has just been found in our in-house hatchery to date. Our chickens lay so-called Respeggt eggs, that are currently offered today in about 380 supermarkets into the greater Berlin area. The fact these eggs just exist there, for the present time, is basically because the number of laying hens remains workable.
Since February, nonetheless, we’ve been breeding on a more substantial scale, with about 20,000-30,000 young chickens that are female each week. Because of the end of July, the initial generation will likely be old sufficient to lay their eggs. After that, I will be seeing a number that is increasing of eggs available on the market. The Rewe Group has set it self the purpose of offering these eggs in most its branches that are german the termination regarding the 12 months.
Beginning year that is next we shall then provide and work out our technology accessible to hatcheries. In the beginning, this is carried out in a way that is cost-neutral.
Respeggt eggs will, therefore, be slowly in the marketplace.
Cost-neutral could possibly imply that you first need to make an advance re re payment. How come that the actual situation?</p>
Our business design is comprised of supermarkets having to pay us a licence charge – but only if the eggs that are first for sale in supermarkets. We’ve create a Respeggt logo design to exhibit the client that the eggs had been produced without killing chickens that are young.
That is a definite added value as supermarkets can then get this to marketable. Just then, will they spend us a licence charge because we made the hatching eggs offered at the beginning of the supply string.
The client, consequently, would additionally assist in preventing chickens that are young being slaughtered considering that the cost of eggs would be somewhat increased.
What are the other means of the very early detection of sex being developed?
Yes, other practices are now being investigated in eight or nine facilities global, including in Canada and Australia, but additionally within the universities of Munich and Dresden. I cannot say more about these processes, as his or her development obviously occurs in today’s world.
In every situation, i might welcome it if other procedures had been made available. I’m maybe not just worried about your competition, but additionally concerning the dilemma of killing chickens that are young.
To tell the truth, running the complete sector with just one technology could be a challenge that is serious.
Is the fact that because your reach continues to be too tiny?
Yes. We expect you’ll raise about 1.5 million chickens that are young our hatchery this season – that is merely a fall into the ocean if you think about that an overall total of 45 million young male chickens are increasingly being gassed or shredded on a yearly basis.
Which means that we’re going to desire a whole lot more time before reaching such high volumes. Just then will we manage to talk about a paradigm change. Rome wasn’t built per day.
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Once the Seleggt technology had been established, it absolutely was labelled being a bridging technology until other solutions had been discovered. A differnt one of those could be the use that is dual of. Could that end up being the future of chicken agriculture?
The actual fact because we have been breeding two types of highly optimised, extremely productive chickens for decades: laying hens and broiler chickens that we even kill millions of young chickens at all is only.
This is actually the only method we can create really cheap eggs and chicken meat. The rational objective, of course, should be to reproduce hens which have a beneficial laying performance, while their brothers have high fattening performance. That seems like a jack-of-all-trades style of unit which is just what it is.
As an agricultural scientist with a PhD in farming, i could let you know there are complementary properties that rule out of the possibility that the hen can both lay eggs productively, while additionally building muscle that is sufficient. Each one or one other.
However, i am hoping that the breeding businesses continue steadily to work intensively with this problem to ensure we now have a solution that is economically viable dual-use chickens.
Gender dedication methods are only a short-term solution and it could truly become more sustainable and in every of y our passions whenever we could place a end to the killing of young birds.
Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic
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